What Are The Differences Between Partial and Full Dentures?

What Are The Differences Between Partial and Full Dentures?

September 1, 2021

Once you lose a tooth or more due to dental trauma, poor oral health, or dental diseases, you can replace them using dentures. Dentures are a replacement option for a missing tooth or teeth and their surrounding tissues. They can be permanently fixed to the jaw or removable for cleaning and sleeping.

Permanent dentures are held in position by dental implants. They are stable and feel and look like your natural teeth. At Restore Dentures and Implants dental clinic, there are two types of dentures used to restore function and aesthetics lost due to missing teeth; full and partial dentures.

Why Should You Replace Missing Teeth?

The reasons for seeking dentures near you include:

  • To improve your appearance and smile. Failing to replace missing teeth will lead to the sagging of facial muscles. This makes you appear older.
  • Speech improvement. Some words cannot be pronounced correctly with missing teeth.
  • Better diet. Your diet may have to change because the remaining teeth will not be able to chew some foods.
  • To prevent remaining teeth from shifting into the gap left by missing teeth, making them crooked. This will affect your bite and oral hygiene.

Full Dentures

Full dentures are replacement teeth used when there are no remaining natural teeth in the mouth. Their base consists of gum-colored plastic or acrylic that rests on the gums and is customized to fit comfortably. Complete dentures are held in place through bone grafting or the use of surgically placed dental sealants. Dentures used for a short time as the gums heal cannot be fixed through these means. A thin layer of saliva between the denture and gums forms a suction to help anchor the denture.

The upper set of a full denture covers the roof of the mouth, while the lower set is horseshoe-shaped to create space for the tongue. Muscles in the cheeks and tongue keep the lower set of dentures in place.

Types of Full Dentures

  1. i. Immediate

These are temporary dentures for people who have just had their teeth extracted. They are made in advance and used during the healing phase to provide the patient with some teeth for eating and speaking. Immediate dentures are worn for about 8-12 weeks and keep the bones and gums from shrinking over time.

  1. ii. Conventional

They are removable dentures customized for patients with no teeth at all in either their lower or upper arch. Conventional dentures are placed in your mouth after the gums have healed and the immediate dentures removed.

  1. iii. Implant-supported

Implant-supported dentures are anchored to at least two dental implants. They give you better abilities to speak, laugh, and chew. These dentures are fixed after getting dental implants in Tulsa, OK.

Partial Dentures

A partial denture refers to a plate with one or more prosthetic teeth. They are replacement teeth attached to a removable natural-looking base used when there is at least one tooth remaining in the mouth. Dental bridges can be used to connect the gap between two teeth if the patient has strong and sufficient natural teeth. Denture implants are used to attach the false tooth to the jaw when the remaining teeth are not in good condition.

Types of Partial Dentures

  1. i. Removable

These are natural-looking teeth that attach to your mouth using metal frameworks. They are lightweight and inexpensive.

  1. ii. Implant-supported

They require dental implants to anchor them to the jaw.

  1. iii. Flexible all-acrylic

These are lighter and more aesthetically pleasing compared to metal framework partial dentures.

  1. iv. Transitional

If you have just had your teeth removed, you will require these dentures temporarily as your gums heal.

Caring for Dentures

  • Avoid dropping them by standing over a folded towel or a sink filled with water when washing them.
  • Brush and rinse them daily to remove food and plaque and prevent permanent stains on them.
  • Do not clean dentures using toothpaste as it is abrasive and may make microscopic scratches on the denture. Use a dental cleaner or mild soap for cleaning them.
  • Use a soft-bristled toothbrush to brush the surfaces of the appliance.
  • Make sure the attachments do not bend during cleaning.
  • When not in the mouth, keep dentures moist to prevent them from drying out and losing their shape. The dentist can recommend a soaking solution that will not tarnish the metal attachments.

Visit or make an appointment with us for dentures and dental services.